Acne Vulgaris, Acne Scars and Treatment

Acne is a skin condition in which hair follicles get plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It can cause whiteheads or blackheads or pimples. It usually occurs on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common in teenagers but can be seen in all age groups.

Types of Acne

Acne vulgaris

A broad term for the most common of the three main types of acne. Acne vulgaris encompasses different types of acne lesions (also known as pimples).

Acne vulgaris forms when

  • Hair follicles become clogged with excess sebum, 
  • Bacteria, and dead skin cells
  • This results in comedones, also known as a clogged pore.
  • Acne vulgaris can be commonly found on the face, back, and chest
  • These areas of the body tend to be saturated with pilosebaceous units.

As the skin regenerates, old cells slough off, and if these dead skin cells aren’t flushed from the pores and manage to combine with sweat and oil, they could be trapped and result in the formation of a pimple.


Blackheads, also known as open comedones, generally form on the face, neck, chest, and back. They’re categorized by their black appearance where the pimple comes to ahead. The black marking isn’t from dirt or infection but happens when the sebum oxidizes at the surface. Blackheads are generally caused when pores are clogged due to debris and oil buildup.


Whiteheads are clogged follicles covered by a thin layer of skin that appear as white bumps or spots. Also called closed comedones.


Papules are inflamed lesions that may appear red and can be sensitive and painful.


Pustules are another type of pimple that’s’ an inflamed lesion. They are generally pus-filled and may appear white or yellow. Though it may be tempting to extract their pus, popping pustules can lead to acne scarring.

Nodules or Nodular Acne

A severe form of acne lesion that develops under the skin; they don’t generally contain pus but are hard to the touch. These acne lesions are generally between 1 and 2 centimeters wide.

Cystic Acne

what is a cyst?

A severe form of acne lesion that is inflamed and filled with pus. They are generally painful and may require professional medical treatment.

There are different kinds of acne conditions

Acne Fulminans

This is a rare but very severe form of acne that comes on abruptly in adolescent males, characterized by inflammatory nodular acne on both the chest and back. It can result in severe scarring and painful joints, along with other health issues such as fever and joint pain.

Acne Mechanica

This form of acne is triggered by excess pressure, heat, and friction on the skin, and is often found among athletes and those already prone to acne breakouts. It’s characterized by small bumps that can range from tiny comedones to inflamed lesions.

Causes of Acne

There are four main causes of acne.

  1. Too much oil production
  2. This excess oil production can clog the hair follicles
  3. Involvement of Bacteria
  4. Excess activity of an androgen (Hormonal Acne)

When hair follicle wall bulged and it can produce white head also called closed comedones, in case of opening this plug, it can cause blackhead. blackheads look like dirt stuck in pores but actually, the pore is congested with oil and bacteria. Further processes called papules, pustules, nodules, and cyst.

Factors that may worsen acne


Androgens are hormones that increase in boys and girls during puberty and cause the sebaceous glands to enlarge and make more sebum.

Acne treatment

Drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone or lithium.

Acne Diet to Prevent

Milk and carbohydrate-rich foods — such as bread, bagels, and chips — may worsen acne. Chocolate has long been suspected of making acne worse.

Risk Factors

  • Age
  • Hormonal changes
  • Family history
  • Greasy or oily substances
  • Stress

Acne Scars

Severely inflamed acne when popup also called pimple popping can leave behind scars. Acne scars cause a lot of psychological distress, especially in adolescents

Best Acne Treatment and Home Remedies

Tea Tree Oil for Acne

  • Topical tea tree oil is considered safe for healing up acne scars.
  • To use tea tree oil for acne scars, you will need 2-3 drops of tea tree essential oil and a carrier oil (sweet almond oil or jojoba oil). 
  • Mix the oils and apply the blend to the scars. 
  • Leave it on for an hour before washing it off.

Orange Peel Powder

  • orange peel may help eliminate acne spots and blemishes. 
  • To use orange peel powder for acne scars, 
  • you will need 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 tablespoon of orange peel powder. 
  • Mix both ingredients well to make a thick paste. 
  • Apply the paste to the areas with acne and pimple scars.
  • Wash it off after it dries.

Coconut Oil

  • coconut oil possesses antibacterial properties that may help reduce acne. 
  • To use coconut oil for acne scars, you will need 1 teaspoon of virgin coconut oil.
  • Warm it by rubbing it between your palms. Dab it on the acne scars and leave it on until the next morning.

Aloe Vera Gel

  • A mixture of aloe vera, tea tree oil, and propolis has also been found to reduce acne scars.
  • To use aloe vera for acne scars, 
  • you will need 1 teaspoon of pure aloe vera gel. 
  • Apply it to the acne scars and blemishes and leave it on overnight.

Lemon Juice

  • Lemon juice contains vitamin C that exhibits anti pigment properties.
  • you will need half a lemon and a bunch of cotton pads.
  • Squeeze the lemon and apply the juice to the affected areas using a cotton pad. 
  • Rinse thoroughly after 10 minutes.

Green Tea

Green tea contains polyphenols, which have antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that help in the prevention and treatment of acne.


An old remedy for acne scars. To use turmeric for acne scars, you will need 

  • 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder and lemon. 
  • Squeeze out the lemon juice in a bowl and mix it with turmeric powder. 
  • Gently apply this to your face and other affected areas. 
  • Leave it on for about 15 minutes before washing it off.

Baking Soda

  • Baking soda is known for its ability to kill bacteria
  • To use baking soda for acne scars, you will need 
  • 2 teaspoons of baking soda and some water. 
  • Mix both and apply the paste to the affected areas. 
  • Leave it on for 20 minutes before washing it off thoroughly.

Best products to treat acne and scars.

Proactiv Solution 3-Step Pro Acne Treatment System

  • it clears existing acne blemishes, soothes inflammation and redness, and helps to prevent new breakouts from occurring.
  • Targets the root causes of acne bacteria, oil production, and dead skin cell build-up to heal and soothe acne-prone skin.
  • Features micro-crystal benzoyl peroxide, a proven acne medicine, designed to work faster than ever before.

ProactivMD Essentials System

  • Includes Deep Cleansing Face Wash, Balancing Toner, Daily Oil Control Moisturizer with SPF 30 and Adapalene Gel 0.1 percent
  • A gentle liquid cleanser formulated to help clear dirt and debris from deep within the pores
  • Balancing Toner sweeps away impurities leaving your skin feeling fresh, revitalized and balanced
  • Daily Oil Control Moisturizer SPF 30 is a lightweight, 3 in 1 moisturizer that hydrates, protects, and controls shine. Adapalene 0.1 percent Adapalene is a topical retinoid medication used for the treatment of acne in people age 12 years and older

New York Biology Dead Sea Mud Mask for Face and Body 

  • Works for all skin types
  • Based on an advanced formula composed of Dead Sea mineral mud that gently purifies and cleans clogged pores. Combined with an herbal complex of Aloe-Vera, Calendula Oil, Vitamin E, Sunflower Seed, and Jojoba Oil.
  • Effectively cleanse the skin and provide a soothing sensation.
  • Rich in minerals, the pure mud aids skin renewal, creating a gentle exfoliation effect that removes excess oil, toxins, and dead skin cells for a softer feel and radiant glow.
  • It removes dead skin cells, dirt and toxins to reveal fresh, soft skin.

Acne Pimple Master Patch 72 dots – Absorbing Hydrocolloid Blemish Spot Skin Treatment and Care Dressing

  • hydrocolloid acne patch protects your pimples form dirt, prevents picking, keeps it clean, and absorbs pus and fluids for faster healing even overnight.
  • hydrocolloid, the main ingredient of these master patches, is a natural acne spot treatment, suitable for all skin types and ages and hypoallergenic.
  • Acne pimple patch is just a bit thicker than some other dots but this small difference allows it to protect your blemish more effectively and absorb pus and fluids for up to 24 hours.
  • Acne pimple patch is almost invisible

CeraVe Hydrating Face Wash

  • Suitable for use on the face, body, even hands
  • Unique formula with three essential ceramides that cleanses, hydrates and helps restore the protective skin barrier or leaving the skin feeling stripped of moisture
  • Formulated with hyaluronic acid 
  • Removes dirt, oil and makeup without leaving skin tight and dry

Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Acne Spot Treatment Gel with Maximum Strength

  • This effective acne-fighting spot gel is clinically proven to rapidly reduce the size and redness of stubborn acne in just 2 hours and actively fights breakouts
  • Its maximum strength formula contains 10% benzoyl peroxide
  • Cleanse skin thoroughly before applying pimple spot treatment then proceed to cover affected area with a thin layer of acne gel 1 to 3 times daily.


Acne is the worst condition for every person as it can compromise the quality of life. Avoid oily foods that can cause Acne. Start proper treatment by consulting with Dermatologists. Acne scars are another bad condition, this can be done when popping up whiteheads. consult your Dr for removal.


What hormones cause acne?

The hormonal acne caused by the fluctuation of estrogen and progesterone, which both vary widely throughout the menstrual cycle month.

How to be confident with acne?

  • Don’t worry what others might think
  • Realize you are doing your best
  • Quit habitually checking your reflection
  • Avoid withdrawing from social interaction
  • Feeling great
  • Concentrate on clothing
  • Delete negativity
  • Do what you want
  • Embrace what you have.

How to shave with acne?

  • Start with the cleaning of tour skin
  • Warm-up shaving area to soften the hair
  • Lather up shaving area
  • Choose the right razor with multi-blades
  • Always use a clean razor
  • Shave around danger area and avoid passing the razor directly over the pimples
  • Shave the right way and shave with the grain of the hair
  • Cut back on shaving the best way to cut back on shaving is to skip a day in between shavings or at least give rest on weekends
  • Shaving kit assessment required, look at the labels of the products you’re using to shave and check for any harmful ingredient.

How to use acne tools?

Disinfecting Your Face

  • Develop a good face cleansing routine
  • Open your skin pores
  • Disinfect your hands or wear gloves
  • Sterilize your acne pimples

Using the Acne Tool

  • Select the right extracting tool for your acne
  • Remove your blackheads with the comedone extractor
  • Remove whiteheads if you are experienced using a lancet
  • Treat any bleeding
  • Finish by disinfecting the treated area

How to get rid of forehead acne?

Wash your face twice a day with a gentle cleanser. This will remove excess oil from your skin. If that doesn’t work, try an OTC acne cream that contains ingredients like benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.

How to get rid of acne scabs?

  • Don’t touch, pick, squeeze, or scratch the affected area
  • keep a pimple scab clean and free from dirt and for this purpose apply antibacterial wipes, mild face wash, soap and water, warm compress
  • If your skin becomes dry after cleaning, apply topical treatments like aloe vera, tea tree oil, moisturizer or acne cream with salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide, antibiotic ointment, zinc cream
  • You can also use first-aid bandages to cover a pimple scab. Band-Aids, gauze, and hydrogel sheets are effective at protecting the affected area from outside damage.

How to get rid of scalp acne?

In most cases, a doctor will recommend a medicated shampoo or scalp treatment. These shampoos can wash away any excess oil and debris and prevent scalp acne from returning.

Medicated shampoos for scalp acne can be bought online without a prescription. Common ingredients in these products include:

  • tea tree oil, an essential oil that may help eliminate bacteria on the scalp
  • salicylic acid, which helps to get rid of dead skin cells
  • glycolic acid, which can help exfoliate the scalp, removing dead skin cells, bacteria, and sebum
  • ketoconazole, an antifungal agent that may improve scaly or red skin
  • ciclopirox, an antifungal used to treat skin infections that are often added to dandruff shampoos
  • benzoyl peroxide, which helps eliminate the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes, which can be present in severe scalp acne

For persistent scalp acne and associated symptoms, such as hair loss and inflammation, a doctor may prescribe the following treatments:

  • topical antibiotic ointments or steroid creams
  • steroid injections
  • oral antibiotics
  • antihistamines for allergic reactions
  • phototherapy, also called light therapy
  • specific medications for severe acne, such as isotretinoin

A person with scalp acne should only use one type of scalp treatment at a time unless otherwise directed by a doctor. This way it is easier to track the effectiveness of individual products.

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How long does it take for doxycycline to work for acne?

With doxycycline, your acne might start improving within 2 weeks, but it can take up to 12 weeks (or 3 months) to see the full benefit of the treatment.

How to get rid of acne around the mouth?

Short-term treatment

  • keep the face clean using gentle skincare products, and avoid touching it.
  • Do not squeeze or pick at pimples, as this can damage the skin and introduce bacteria. Squeezing pimples can also increase the risk of acne scarring.
  • Maintaining a daily skincare routine can help improve skin health in the long term.
  • OTC remedies may help. Products containing sulfur, benzoyl peroxide, or salicylic acid can help get rid of minor pimples.

Long term treatment

  • Antibiotics can help stop or slow the growth of bacteria.
  • Retinoids can break down blackheads and whiteheads and may help prevent them from forming.
  • Hormonal changes in the body can also affect the skin. Taking birth control pills may help some females who experience acne breakouts around their period.
  • Take dermatologist advice.

How to get rid of leg acne?

It’s important to seek medical attention if a lesion is painful, irritated, or persistent. If not, there are some initial steps you can take

  • Try cleansers with salicylic acid or glycolic acid.
  • Experiment with benzoyl peroxide, a common and effective spot treatment.
  • Look for moisturizers or sunscreens that are oil-free or “noncomedogenic.”
  • Tight clothes can irritate your skin. Change clothes with sweat or oil as soon as possible.
  • Monitor sun exposure. Sun can help with superficial acne, but it also can encourage the production of sebum and lesions. Always use a sunscreen.
  • Try a warm compress to loosen and soften any acne lesions.

Lesions that aren’t susceptible to the above steps may not be acne and should be seen by a doctor. If the doctor diagnoses acne, it will fall into one of four categories: mild, moderate, moderate to severe, and severe. Several treatments are available:

Topicals derived from vitamin A. These are both over-the-counter and prescription. Tretinoin is the best known of the prescription options, but your doctor may suggest other versions.

Benzoyl peroxide. A variety of compounds are available over the counter. Your doctor may recommend a compound that’s available only with a prescription. Treatment of moderate acne usually starts with a 5 percent solution.

Antibiotics. Your doctor may recommend minocycline and doxycycline to treat bacteria associated with acne. Antibiotic therapy trusted Source is less popular than it was in the past due to a growing concern about antibiotic resistance.

Systemic drugs derived from vitamin A. Tretinoin by mouth is reserved for severe cases of cystic acne. It is effective, but linked to serious side effects, including the risk of birth defects.

The various treatments for acne can have complicated and serious interactions. Antibiotics can decrease the effectiveness of female oral contraceptives. Sun sensitivity is more likely with some antibiotics, vitamin A compounds, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Acne lesions, particularly severe acne, can be painful. Appropriate and prompt treatment may begin with nonsteroidal medications such as ibuprofen or naproxen. Your doctor can recommend a painkiller to ease the discomfort. They may recommend prescription drugs if these are not effective.

Don’t squeeze pimples. It might force the infection deeper into the skin and cause a scar to develop.

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What causes chest acne?

The following are some of the most common causes of chest acne:

  • hormonal fluctuations
  • sugary foods
  • dehydration
  • working out
  • laundry detergents with dyes or perfumes
  • dry skin and sun exposure
  • oily moisturizers
  • makeup and perfumes

How to get rid of chest acne?

  1. Shower regularly.
  2. Use an acne-fighting body wash.
  3. Exfoliate once a week.
  4. Use a non-comedogenic body lotion.
  5. Try spot treatments.
  6. Try a new laundry detergent.
  7. Wear loose and breathable fabrics.
  8. Stay hydrated.

Why won’t my acne go away?

If you don’t see improvement after 4 to 6 weeks, it means your 1st treatment does not work. add a second acne product to your treatment plan. This approach can help attack the different causes of acne. Bacteria, clogged pores, oil, and inflammation can all cause acne. Of course, the second treatment should attack a different cause of acne.

What causes scalp acne?

Just like pimples elsewhere, pimples on the scalp occur when a pore or hair follicle gets clogged with dead skin cells or sebum, which is the natural oil the skin uses to keep itself moisturized. Bacteria, yeast, or mites can also get into the pores and cause a reaction.

How to get rid of ice pick acne scars?

  • According to an article published in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, punch grafting is the best treatment for ice pick scars.
  • Punch excision. …
  • Laser resurfacing. …
  • Microneedling. …
  • Microdermabrasion. …
  • Dermabrasion. …
  • Chemical peels.

How to get rid of Jawline acne?

Jawline acne is a sign for many women that their time of the month is near. And anyone who’s dealt with the painful spots knows they’re pretty resistant to treatment.

There are some tips recommended by Dr. Zeichner, dermatologist Shari Marchbein, M.D., clinical assistant professor of dermatology at NYU School of Medicine.

  • Exfoliate During the First Half of Your Menstrual Cycle to Keep Pores Clear.
  • Add a Salicylic Acid Cleanser to Your Skincare Routine Mid-Cycle.
  • Use a Leave-On Salicylic Acid Treatment to Dry Out Pimples.
  • Try a Benzoyl Peroxide Leave-On Treatment Instead.
  • Consider taking birth control pills.
  • Consult dermatologist.

What vitamins are good for acne?

  • Vitamin D
  • Green tea extract
  • B vitamins
  • Zinc

are just some of the supplements that may benefit people with acne.

How to use tea tree oil for acne?

  • Combine 1 to 2 drops of tea tree oil with 12 drops of carrier oil.
  • Before applying diluted tea tree oil to your face, do a small patch test on the inside of your elbow.
  • Before applying the oil, wash your face with a gentle cleanser for acne-prone skin, and pat it dry.
  • Gently apply diluted tea tree oil by dabbing it on your blemishes with a cotton round or pad.
  • Allow drying. Follow up with your usual moisturizer.
  • Repeat morning and night.

What does tea tree oil do for acne?

Tea tree oil is a popular choice for treating acne because of its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It’s thought to calm redness, swelling, and inflammation. It may even help to prevent and reduce acne scars, leaving you with smooth, clear skin.

What is fungal acne?

Fungal acne, also known as pityrosporum folliculitis, is caused by an overgrowth of yeast in hair follicles. It may sound odd but this yeast is found in everyone’s skin – fungal acne occurs when it grows too much or becomes imbalanced in some way.

What age does acne stop?

Acne is most common in girls from the ages of 14 to 17, and in boys from the ages of 16 to 19. Most people have acne on and off for several years before their symptoms start to improve as they get older. Acne often disappears when a person is in their mid-20s. In some cases, acne can continue into adult life.

How much Zinc should I take for acne?

You only need small amounts of zinc in your body. The Office of Dietary Supplements recommends a daily allowance for adults of 8-11 milligrams (mg). There is some evidence that a relatively safe dose of 30 mg can help treat acne. Higher amounts of zinc may be harmful.

What essential oil is good for acne?

  1. Tea Tree Oil.
  2. Peppermint Oil.
  3. Rosemary Oil.
  4. Frankincense Oil. 
  5. Oregano Oil.
  6. Eucalyptus Oil.
  7. Lavender Oil.
  8. Lemon Oil.

What causes butt acne?

“Acne-like bumps on the buttocks are caused by inflammation of hair follicles, which is called folliculitis,” says Dr. MacKelfresh. Folliculitis can be caused by an infection from bacteria, yeast, or fungus, irritation of hair follicles, or blockage of hair follicles, she says. It tends to be on the skin surface.

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