Aging, Type of wrinkles and Treatment

Aging

Aging is the process of becoming older, a process that is genetically determined and environmentally modulated. Understanding your aging face is most important.

What age do you start aging?

Aging of the face can start as early as 20 years old and continues throughout your life. How fast your face ages and to what extent differs from person to person. These things typically happen as you age.

Signs of Aging

  • Soft tissues (muscles, fat, connective tissue) fall due to gravity
  • Volume loss
  • Skin changes and wrinkles
  • Facial bone changes

Does genetics play a role in aging?

Aging is unique to each individual. Genetics play an important role in the way your face ages. How your mother ages can provide a glimpse of how your face may change after time.

Other factors, like your exposure to the sun over time and your diet, can play a role in determining when and to what extreme aging begins

Lifestyle and Aging

How does lifestyle affect aging.?

The skin aging process is influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. While degradation of collagen and elastin fibers, as well as the reduced quality of the body’s own hyaluronic acid, are mainly genetically encoded, there are extrinsic or lifestyle factors which we all can control to a certain degree to reduce skin aging.

Smoking and drinking, excessive sun exposure and stress, can all speed up the biological clock. However, of all these aging factors sun damage by UVR poses the greatest threat.

Does anti-aging products really work.?

Restylane products cannot turn back the passage of time. However, they can restore skin hydro balance and improve the skin structure and elasticity, as well as fill out wrinkles and folds and restore facial volume.

“When you’re younger, facial features are defined and well contoured. We call this the triangle of youth,” says Janelle Klubertanz, a certified plastic surgery nurse with Plastic Surgery & Skin Specialists by BayCare Clinic. “As you get older, the triangle becomes inverted.”

Aging isn’t just about the lines and wrinkles on your face. It also occurs beneath the skin. Signs of aging exist at every layer of the facial structure, including skin, fat pads, muscles, and bone.

Facial aging

Facial aging is due to changes in several types of tissue, including skin, fat, muscle, and bone. Changes in any one of these structural layers affect the other layers.

Types of lines or wrinkles on the Face

Wrinkles are lines that form in the skin. … The most common dynamic wrinkles are across the forehead, at the outer corners of your eyes (crow’s feet) and between the eyebrows. Static wrinkles are caused by gravity, the loss of fat and collagen, and the loss of the skin’s elasticity.

Forehead lines

Forehead wrinkles are called “worry lines” or Stress lines, for a reason! When we make the same facial expression repeatedly, temporary lines are produced on our faces. We all know that stress causes us to frown quite a bit, which causes temporary forehead lines.

Smile Lines

Smile lines or Laugh lines or Cheek lines are wrinkles or creases in the skin of a person’s face that appear around the outer corners of the mouth and eyes. … Laugh lines are most commonly caused by the repetition of facial movements, including frowning, smiling, laughing, and any other facial expression.

Nose lines wrinkles

Nasolabial folds are the indentation lines on either side of the mouth that extends from the edge of the nose to the mouth’s outer corners. They become more prominent when people smile. … Some people develop wrinkles next to the nasolabial folds, which may be more visible during smiling.

Sleep lines

Sleep lines or wrinkles have nothing to do with muscle contraction or expression and are caused by the repeated scrunching, shifting and compression of our face into our pillow while we sleep. These lines tend to by more vertical then expression lines and can be found on forehead, cheeks, chin, etc

Red lines

Facial blushing or flushing causes small blood vessels to expand and eventually to show through the skin. These enlarged blood vessels appear as thin red lines (telangiectasias) on the face, especially on the cheeks.

Skin Aging

As skin ages, the middle layer of skin (dermis) thins due to collagen loss. The skin’s ability to retain elasticity (from elastin) and moisture (from hyaluronic acid) also reduce with age. Due to this loss of elastin and hyaluronic acid, the skin becomes

  • drier
  • less elastic
  • less supple
  • thinner

Fat

In the face, fat is organized into fat pads. As we age, the fat is lost or redistributed, and the fat pads shift relative to each other. Over time, bony features, lines, and wrinkles become more visible.

Bone

There is a significant loss of facial bone with age. Aging of the craniofacial skeleton may be due to changes in the relative dynamics of bone expansion and bone resorption.

Bone recession leads to thinner bone, removing structural support for the overlying tissues. This loss of support contributes to sagging and droopiness and noticeable changes in the other layers of overlying soft tissue and skin.

11 WAYS TO REDUCE PREMATURE SKIN AGING

Many things cause our skin to age. Some things we cannot do anything about; others we can influence

One thing that we cannot change is the natural aging process. It plays a key role. With time, we all get visible lines on our face. It is natural for our face to lose some of its youthful fullness. We notice our skin becoming thinner and drier. Our genes largely control when these changes occur. The medical term for this type of aging is “intrinsic aging.”

We can influence another type of aging that affects our skin. Our environment and lifestyle choices can cause our skin to age prematurely. The medical term for this type of aging is “extrinsic aging.” By taking some preventive actions, we can slow the effects that this type of aging has on our skin.

Protect your skin from the sun every day

Whether spending a day at the beach or running errands, sun protection is essential. You can protect your skin by seeking shade, covering up with clothing, and using sunscreen that is broad-spectrum, SPF 30 (or higher), and water-resistant. You should apply sunscreen every day to all skin that is not covered by clothing.

Apply self-tanner rather than get a tan

The sun plays a major role in prematurely aging our skin. Other things that we do also can age our skin more quickly than it naturally would. To help their patients prevent premature skin aging, dermatologists offer their patients the following tips.

If you smoke, stop

Smoking greatly speeds up how quickly skin ages. It causes wrinkles and a dull, sallow complexion.

Avoid repetitive facial expressions

When you make a facial expression, you contract the underlying muscles. If you repeatedly contract the same muscles for many years, these lines become permanent. Wearing sunglasses can help reduce lines caused by squinting.

Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet

Findings from a few studies suggest that eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables may help prevent damage that leads to premature skin aging. Findings from research studies also suggest that a diet containing lots of sugar or other refined carbohydrates can accelerate aging.

Drink less alcohol

Alcohol is rough on the skin. It dehydrates the skin, and in time, damages the skin. This can make us look older.

Exercise most days of the week

Findings from a few studies suggest that moderate exercise can improve circulation and boost the immune system. This, in turn, may give the skin a more youthful appearance.

Cleanse your skin gently

Scrubbing your skin clean can irritate your skin. Irritating your skin accelerates skin aging. Gentle washing helps to remove pollution, makeup, and other substances without irritating your skin.

Wash your face twice a day and after Sweating heavily

Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, irritates the skin, so you want to wash your skin as soon as possible after sweating.

Apply a facial moisturizer every day

Moisturizer traps water in our skin, giving it a more youthful appearance.

Stop using skincare products that sting or burn

When your skin burns or stings, it means your skin is irritated. Irritating your skin can make it look older

Never too late to benefit

Even people who already have signs of premature skin aging can benefit from making lifestyle changes. By protecting your skin from the sun, you give it a chance to repair some of the damage. Smokers who stop often notice that their skin looks healthier.

If signs of aging skin bother you, you may want to see a dermatologist. New treatments and less-invasive procedures for smoothing wrinkles, tightening skin, and improving one’s complexion are giving many people younger-looking skin.

HOW TO SELECT ANTI-AGING SKINCARE PRODUCTS

Dermatologists share their insider tips

Shopping for an anti-aging skin care product can feel like a hit-or-miss experience. With so many choices, it can be difficult to know which products to choose. These dermatologist tips can help you shop with confidence

Start with sunscreen and moisturizer

Dermatologists agree that sunscreen and moisturizer are the two most-effective anti-aging products you can buy. Using these every day can make a noticeable difference.

When shopping for sunscreen, select one that offers all of the following

  • Broad-spectrum
  • SPF 30 (or higher)
  • Water resistance

An anti-aging moisturizer helps to minimize fine lines. It is so effective that moisturizer is the secret ingredient in many anti-aging products.

Using a moisturizer with sunscreen is fine. Just be sure that the product offers broad-spectrum coverage and an SPF of 30 or higher.

If you will spend time outdoors during the day, you should apply a sunscreen that offers broad-spectrum protection, SPF 30 (or higher), and water resistance. Be sure to reapply your sunscreen every two hours while outdoors.

Treat your #1 aging-skin concern

Give sunscreen and moisturizer a few weeks to work. Then look at your skin. Is there still a sign of aging that bothers you?

By focusing on one concern, such as wrinkles or dark spots, you’ll get the best results. Look for a product that targets your concern. There are two reasons for this:

  • No product can treat all signs of skin aging
  • Using more than one anti-aging product in a few days or weeks can irritate the skin, making you look older.

Buy a product formulated for your skin type

Your sunscreen, moisturizer, and other anti-aging skincare products will work best if they are formulated for your skin type. For example, if your skin tends to be oily, select a moisturizer made for oily skin. If you have sensitive skin, you want to see the words “sensitive skin” on the label. This is important because no one product works for everyone.

Read product labels and select a product that offers all of the following

  • Hypoallergenic (The product can still cause an allergic reaction, but there is less risk)
  • Non-comedogenic or non-acnegenic (does not cause acne)
  • Consumer hotline (to contact for questions)

Have realistic expectations

Exaggerated promises, such as look 10 years younger overnight or quickly reduces all signs of aging, are too good to be true. It’s important to remember that anti-aging skincare products deliver modest results. You cannot get the results of a facelift from a cream.

HOW TO MAXIMIZE RESULTS FROM ANTI-AGING SKINCARE PRODUCTS

Dermatologists reveal what works best

How you use your anti-aging skincare products affects your results.

To help patients get the best results from these products, dermatologists offer these tips.

Start with one product

Using several anti-aging products at the same time can irritate your skin. When you irritate your skin, signs of aging become more noticeable.

Test the product before applying it to your face or hands

Even hypoallergenic products can cause a skin reaction. To test a product, apply a small amount to your inner forearm. Repeat this twice a day for four to five days. If your skin looks normal — free of redness, itch, and other reactions — you can apply it to your face and other skin.

Stop using a product that stings, burns, or tingles

These sensations mean that the product irritates your skin. Irritated skin looks older. If you are using a product prescribed by your dermatologist, ask if this should be happening before you stop using it. Some prescription-strength products will burn or sting.

Follow directions

Some products contain active ingredients that can cause problems if you apply more than directed. You could end up with clogged pores, blotchy skin, or excessively dry skin. Read the instructions, and use as directed

Give the product time to work

A moisturizer can plump up fine lines in a few days, but most products take at least six weeks to work. Sometimes it can take up to three months. Be patient and give the product time to work.

Continue using, if you want to continue seeing results

People often stop using a product once they see results.

Protect your skin from the sun

Sun protection helps to reduce signs of premature aging on your skin. It also allows your skin to repair and renew itself and reduces your risk of getting skin cancer

Use moisturizer

Moisturizer traps water in your skin. This extra moisture can help reduce the appearance of fine lines and brighten your complexion

Forget about tanning

Tanning speeds up signs of aging on your skin. Tanning can lead to premature wrinkles, age spots, and other unwanted signs of aging.

Avoid the temptation to improve results with a do-it-yourself cosmetic procedure. If you shop online, you may see lasers and other products that treat signs of aging for sale. These products are often counterfeit or imported illegally. Using these products can be extremely dangerous to your health.

 

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